Fewer places in outback Australia are more iconic than Cameron Corner, and the region that radiates out from Cameron Corner is known as the Corner Country (An area encompassing New South Wales, Queensland, and South Australia).
There is so much to do in the northwest corner of NSW with Tibooburra being the main town in the area (330 km north of Broken Hill), while Milparinka (40 km south of Tibooburra) provides a 'look back in time' experience.
"Wherever I go in the bush I always find my way back and always come out at the place where I want to go". Alfred Howitt, 1859.
Cameron Corner is the surveyed northwest, and southwest corners of New South Wales and Queensland, respectively, and the point those borders join the South Australian border.
While not precisely defined, the Corner Country is bounded by the Darling River in the south, the Simpson Desert in the west, and Charleville & Windorah in the northeast.
The Darling River catchment borders the Lake Eyre Basin (Lake Frome catchment) just north of Broken Hill and south of Cameron Corner. A great way to understand the geology/hydrography of the region is through the Watershed Loop touring route. The touring route also connects the Darling River Run to other Corner Country Touring Routes.
Cameron Corner is a remote place, but that is not to say you can get a bed, a beer, a meal, fuel, and some supplies thanks to the iconic Cameron Corner Store.
Driving to Cameron Corner from Broken Hill is an experience every avid traveller should do, and there are many options for driving to the Corner. There are several great routes from Broken Hill to Tibooburra and onto Cameron Corner.
- Drive Broken Hill to Cameron Corner
- Drive to Broken Hill
Corner Country Touring Map
Cameron Corner See & Do...
- Cameron Corner Survey Marker
- Stand in 3 states at once (New South Wales, QLD & SA)
- Visit the iconic Cameron Corner store
- Journey through Sturt National Park (Western section)
- Visit the Dog Fence
- Visit Fort Grey (on the way)
- Marvel at the Waka claypan
Cameron Corner History:
Cameron Corner was named after the New South Wales surveyor, John Brewer Cameron.
The official survey of the 29th parallel was conducted by J. B. Cameron (New South Wales) and G. C. Watson (Queensland) in the period 1879 to 1881. An account of the survey of the 29th parallel reported by W. D. Campbell in The Surveyor in 1895 states:
"The final determination for the 29th parallel was commenced in 1879 on the responsibility of the Occupation Crown Lands Branch. The annual report of that branch for the year 1879 stated that 450,000 acres on the Queensland border cannot be leased until the position of that border has been determined.
Preliminary work was undertaken by Mr W J Conder, superintendent of the trigonometrical survey, New South Wales, who observed the latitude of Barringun, a border township on the Warrego River with a zenith telescope, having a 21/4 inch objective glass and 30-inch focal length. The latitudes, of three other stations, were also observed and connected with it by traverse, and the mean of a large number of observations for the value of each station was deduced.
The difference in longitude between this station and Sydney was then determined by the telegraphic interchange of star observation and clock signals with the Sydney Observatory. The position for the border and the longitude of a point on it having been thus fixed, and the direction of the true meridian being found by azimuth observations of stars, the work was continued by Mr John Cameron, Geodetic Surveyor, New South Wales, in conjunction with Mr George Chale Watson, representing Queensland.
These gentlemen started the survey westerly on 15th September 1879, from a point on the east bank of the Warrego River. There the surveyors erected the zero obelisks [see figure 8]. The first five-mile chord was then produced westerly and the mileposts offset from this chord to the arc, and so continued until the 141st meridian was reached, a distance of 285 miles 24.96 chains. The latitudes of five stations, averaging fifty miles apart, were also taken with the zenith telescope with an average error of 11/4 seconds between the observed value and surveyed line; every part was chained at least twice and some portions several times. The line was marked by well-squared posts at every mile, concrete obelisks at the extremities of the initial five-mile chords, east and west and two brick obelisks at Hungerford, and permanent marks at all important points."